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What is a laminate and how is lamination done?

Laminate is a thin upper cover layer made of plastic or any other protective layer that is surrounded round a plywood or panel. When a material made of multiple layers is combined, it obviously is known to be a potential thick material with excellent strength, sound insulation and has a good stability. So wrapping a laminate against another material such as plywood not only protects the furniture but also resembles varied properties of customized design, structure. The process of gluing a laminate over another material by applying adhesives, forcing pressure or by heating is known as lamination

Types of Laminates based on Finish:

  • Digital Laminates
  • Firstly, these are the most preferred decorative laminates used for interior decorations. They have set a new trend for an artistic expression for most of the architects and designers that suffice customized pattern using the technology. Now a days with usage of internet, there has been a gradual increase in concepts made and printed digitally. For the days to come there would be more production of these kind of texture as it is easier to manufacture a laminate product in such a manner. They are not only applicable for premium commercial areas but also for domestic places having wide walls, doors and many other furniture products.

  • Glossy Laminates
  • There are cases opting high gloss laminates but when such a shine is not required, the alternative finish is to have glossy laminates. There is definitely an advantage choosing a glossy laminate over high gloss one. The appearance to the space applied with glossy laminate looks so realistic as they have wood texture in abundance and when the high gloss laminates are compared, they lack the real wood texture which keeps them artificial in look. Glossy

  • Matt Finish Laminates
  • They are completely non-glossy unlike High glossy and Glossy laminates. They give the best realistic appearance comparatively. They are the easy ones to maintain among the other category of finishes as they feature extra ordinary resistance to dust and scratches. So this category is an option for those who are economical to have them in kitchen area or any other informal spaces.

  • Soft Laminates
  • These are the latest version of laminates  which were introduced in the recent past. They are manufactured with use of soft board materials and available in various patterns and colors. They are most commonly used for spaces like kids rooms to provide comfort and additional warmth.

  • Decorative Laminates
  • Decorative laminates are laminated products primarily used as furniture surface materials or wall paneling. They are manufactured in either high or low pressure lamination, with the two processes not much different from each other except for the pressure applied in the pressing process.

Different types of Laminates based on pressure applied & Uses:

  • High Pressure Laminates (HPL)
  • HPL are hard original plastic decorative sheets that are more durable with special properties of withstanding fire and are also resistant to wear and tear. HPL is evolved when Kraft paper with multiple layers having a decorative paper printed on the top of it is soaked in phenloic or melamine resin. They are usually applicable on furniture, countertops, flooring, cabinets.

  • Low Pressure Laminates (LPL)
  • Low Pressure Laminates are evolved with the same procedure of HPL made but are substrate under low pressures. Unless the durability factor is considered, else LPL is advantageous in terms of cost over HPL and a right choice for most applications.

What is Laminate flooring?

Laminate flooring is a multi layered synthetic flooring product which is a stylish choice for the surfaces at home and is an ideal alternative for hardwood.

Benefits of Laminate Flooring:

Due to an easy access of installation and maintenance while opting a laminate floor, The living areas such as child’s playroom or having pets running around can be mop quickly rather cleaning a tile or hardwood surface. In the recent times, many Brands are providing an installation guide which comes handy for an easy way to set up the laminate floors. It's hygienic due to natural resistance to reduce mold, bacteria growth and durability factors push them for a great demand in the market. It's special property of withstanding to chemicals is an added feature. Most importantly it is so cost effective with modern look and is also scratch, fire resistant. Laminate flooring is eco-friendly and reusable. They are available in different colors, styles with wide range of tile, stone and wood finishes.

Dis- Advantages of Laminate flooring over regular wood flooring:

Laminate floorings don't last as long as real wood categories do. They are not easy for repair if some deep scratches occur and are much more easily damaged by standing water as they are not water proof.

Cleaning products that can or cannot be used for Laminate flooring:

There are multiple ways to maintain Laminate flooring clean for a long span of time. Below are things to be noted:

  1. Use a dust mop or vacuum having soft brush to clean the floor from dust or dirt.
  2. A wet cloth can either be used but never make it so wet that the laminate floor gets damaged due to excessive water.
  3. Steel based cleaning rods cause scratches over the laminate panels.
  4. It is always advisable not to use detergents or any other relative cleaning agents to make your laminate flooring clean.
  5. Polishing agents make destruction of the laminate floor.
  6. Steam clean or use of chemicals that may damage the laminate flooring is never recommended.

Where can laminate flooring be installed in the home?

They are applicable for installation in all the areas which have a leveled floor except for bathroom, laundry room which are not controlled from an excess water flow. The reason being for the exceptions is that when there is water flowing to the edges of laminates installed, probably there is a severe problem of moisture to form all around the laminate and might even cause swelling to the base due to excessive water flow.




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